International College of Dentists

Scientific Poster

3D pulp volume analysis in cleft lip and palate population

  1. Institute of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal;
  2. Laboratory for Evidence-Based Sciences and Precision Dentistry (LACBE–MDP), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  3. Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR), Area of Environment Genetics and Oncobiology (CIMAGO),Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  4. Clinical Academic Center of Coimbra (CACC), 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  5. Center for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotecnhology (CIBB), 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  6. CEEMPRE, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal
  7. Coimbra Hospital and University Center, Coimbra, Portugal
    *Head of Department.

Onsite author: Francisco do Vale

Objectives: Age estimation plays a significant role in human identification in various situations like homicides, suicides and humanitarian massive disasters. The methods to estimate age include macroscopic and radiographic analysis of the maturation and development phases of the bone and dental structures. Once the eruption of permanent dentition is complete, dental age can be predicted by observing the different physiological age-related changes in dental tissues, such as the deposition of secondary dentin. Cleft lip and palate patients have a greater predisposition to tooth malformation (in size, shape, and number), which could affect pulp volume. The aim of this study is to evaluate the dental pulp volume of central incisors in 3D images between individuals with and without cleft lip and palate.

Methods: This retrospective case-control study is a single-centred and conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The study sample is based on the existing records of patients who are followed in Institute of Orthodontics of Faculty of Medicine of University of Coimbra, selected between January 2016 to January 2022. The 3D data was imported by a 3D image semi-automatic segmenting software named ITK-SNAP, to calculate the tooth pulp volume.

Results: The present study showed statistically significant differences when comparing the pulp volume between sex, showing a bigger pulp volume in male individuals. Regarding age, no statistically significant differences were found, contrary to what was expected. In the cleft group, when comparing the pulp volume between the cleft side and the non-cleft side, the cleft side showed a smaller volume.

Conclusions: The study of the 3D pulp volume can be a useful method for human identification in patients with cleft lip and palate.