International College of Dentists

Scientific Poster

Cleft Lip and Palate: A case report with a multidisciplinary approach

  1. Institute of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal;
  2. Laboratory for Evidence-Based Sciences and Precision Dentistry (LACBE–MDP), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  3. Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR), Area of Environment Genetics and Oncobiology (CIMAGO), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  4. Clinical Academic Center of Coimbra (CACC), 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  5. Center for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotecnhology (CIBB), 3000-354 Coimbra, Portugal
  6. CEEMPRE, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal
  7. Coimbra Hospital and University Center, Coimbra, Portugal
    *Head of Department.

Onsite author: Francisco do Vale

Objectives: Orofacial clefts are among the most common congenital craniofacial malformations with genetic and environmental risk factors. The variety of clinical features resulting from the cleft requires an extensive multidisciplinary approach in order to achieve optimal function and esthetics. Moreover, some authors hypothesize that cleft and hemifacial microsomia may have a common pathway leading to a disturbance in neural crest cell migration. The purpose of the present paper is to report a successful orthodontic treatment conducted on a unilateral cleft lip and palate patient with Pruzansky type I microsomia, in combination with maxillofacial surgery for bone grafting and subsequent prosthodontic rehabilitation.

Methods: An 11 year-old boy with unilateral (right side) cleft lip and palate that also presents Pruzansky type I microsomia was referenced by his pediatrician to the Institute of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, for orthodontic treatment. The implemented treatment plan was the following: Extra oral facebow; fixed appliances with Roth 0.018 prescription; secondary bone graft; germectomy of tooth 38 and 48; and, prosthodontic rehabilitation.

Result: The extra oral facebow was used for anchorage control and molar distal movement. Leveling and alignment was accomplished through the use of fixed appliances with Roth 0.018 prescription. The alveolar bone graft allowed the orthodontic movement of teeth into the cleft site. At the end of the orthodontic treatment the maxillary anterior teeth were restored using composite resin in order to enhance shape and size.

Conclusion: Cleft lip and palate patients are complex to treat orthodontically, however a multidisciplinary approach supported by a good diagnosis resulted in successfully delivering a proper occlusion, function and esthetics to the patient.